SEED SIZE: MEDIUM SIZED SEEDS!
Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America.
Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges.
How does staghorn sumac spread?
With a spread often exceeding its height, staghorn sumac makes a natural screen or windbreak. Its far-reaching, shallow root system prevents soil erosion along stream banks and on sloping sites. Plant it where it has room to spread, or use an underground root barrier to keep it confined.
STAGHORN SUMAC WILDLIFE BENEFITS: What animals eat staghorn sumac?
Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, and about 300 species of songbirds include sumac fruit in their diet. It is also known to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. Fox squirrels and cottontail rabbits eat sumac bark. White-tail deer like the fruit and stems.
STAGHORN SUMAC HUMAN USES & HEALTH BENEFITS:
Sumac is an ancient medicinal plant with antioxidant properties, and significant levels of Vitamin C. Native Americans used Sumac to treat colds, sore throats, fever, infections, diarrhea, dysentery and scurvy. Sumac has also been used to treat asthma and cold sores.
The Health Benefits of Sumac Spice
•The antioxidant value of sumac spice is phenomenal. When herbs and spices are rated for antioxidant levels sumac sits atop the list, even above commonly used spices like cinnamon and oregano. ...
•Sumac spice can help lower blood sugar levels. ...
•Sumac juice is high in vitamin C.
STAGHORN SUMAC SEEDS Dried Berries Organic Naturally Grown
What can you do with staghorn sumac?
Ground, dried sumac berries taste great as a spice rub for lamb, fish and chicken. These berries are also used as a salad topping, and you can include them in your favorite dressings. Middle Eastern chefs use sumac as a topping for fattoush salad, and are often sprinkled on hummus to add both color and a zesty flavor.
What is sumac taste like?
Made from the dried and ground berries of the wild sumac flower, sumac is a tangy spice with a sour, acidic flavor reminiscent of lemon juice. This fragrant spice is used to brighten up dry rubs, spice blends like za'atar, and dressings.
Is it safe to eat sumac?
Sumacs look edible and toxic at the same time, and with good reason: They're in a family that has plants we eat and plants that can make you ill. Sumac, poison ivy, Brazilian pepper, cashews, mangoes and pistachios are all related. Poison ivy, of course, is a problem. ... All the berries of the red sumacs are edible.
SOWING THE SEEDS FOR PLANTING: How do you plant staghorn sumac seeds?
Plant sumac seeds directly outside in autumn. Select a spot in sun or partial sun with well-draining soil. Plant each seed at a depth of 1/3 to 3/4 inches, about 8 inches apart. Water well after planting. Staghorn sumac seeds are ready for sowing after the cold treatment. Fill a pot with moist seed-starting mix up to 1/2 inch from the top. Tamp down the soil and evenly spread the seeds over the soil. Sprinkle a 1/8-inch layer of seed-starting mix over the seeds.
1) Harvest seeds from sumac fruiting clusters in late Summer/Fall when they are dark brown and dry.
2) Boil water in a pot, then remove the pot from the stove and toss in the seeds. Leave them in the cooling water for 24 hours to remove germination inhibitors.
3) Drain and dry seeds on a paper towel. Place them in the refrigerator for 30 days at a temperature of about 41 degrees Fahrenheit.
4) Plant sumac seeds directly outside in autumn. Select a spot in sun or partial sun with well-draining soil. Plant each seed at a depth of 1/3 to 3/4 inches, about 8 inches apart. Water well after planting. Sumacs will grow in any soil, including dry wastelands.
5) Water your sumacs regularly the first two seasons. Starting with the third season, limit irrigation to dry, hot periods. No fertilizer is necessary for these vigorous, suckering shrubs. Within several seasons, each parent plant will form a thick colony of sumacs around it.
6)Rejuvenate your sumac colony every few years. Cut the colony to the ground in the winter. This keeps the sumacs from getting leggy and prevents them from taking over your garden.
ABOUT THESE SEEDS: SEEDS FRESHLY HARVESTED JULY 12th, 2020 from right here on our Unique Creek Homestead!
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